A Global Map of Skin Color

Skin pigment serves a purpose: it protects us from harmful ultraviolet radiation.

But there is a cost: it blocks production of vitamin D. This phenomena explains why people indigenous to latitudes distant from the equator have very little pigment while those indigenous to latitudes close to the equator have dark pigment. A graphical representation of this can be seen in the map above.

People with little or no natural skin pigment, as in albino patients, who live close to the equator have devastating, disfiguring skin cancers. In contrast, people with dark skin who live in northern latitudes often have vitamin D deficiency.

Graphic from: Chaplin G.© , Geographic Distribution of Environmental Factors Influencing Human Skin Coloration, American Journal of Physical Anthropology 125:292–302, 2004; map updated in 2007.

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3 thoughts on “A Global Map of Skin Color

  1. I know this is an older post of yours, but I just saw it. That is something I’ve wondered about, and now it makes a lot of sense. Thanks!

  2. As the world grows smaller and smaller, there is a lot of immigration for work or any other reasons. I wonder what would you recommend if a dark skinned individual moves to northern part of the world?

    Another question is, isn’t it true that as you go up near the north pole there is more exposure to UV due to the polar proximity?

  3. We are trying to settle an argument with conclusive proof. What country (on average) has the darkest skin color? Any references?

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